重复是最好的统计

重复是科学研究中重要的组成部分,但实际操作中却很难实现。下面这段话摘自Steven J. Luck的An Introduction to the Event-Related Potential Technique。QCC同学在实验室说过,但中文书里翻了很久都没找到。还是直接搜英文比较容易找到。

以下摘自Steven J. Luck的An Introduction to the Event-Related Potential Technique,Box 6.1:
Replication is the best statistic. I learned this when I was a graduate student in the Hillyard lab, although no one ever said it aloud. I frequently say it aloud to my students. Replication does not depend on assumptions about normality, sphericity, or independence. Replication is not distorted by outliers. Replication is a cornerstone of science. Replication is the best statistic. 
A corollary principle – which Steve Hillyard has said aloud – is that the more important a result is, the more important it is to replicate the result before you publish it. There are two reasons for this, the first of which is obvious: you don’t want to make a fool of yourself by making a bold new claim and being wrong. The second and less obvious reason is that if you want people to give this important new result the attention it deserves, you should make sure that they have no reason to doubt it. Of course, it’s rarely worthwhile to run exactly the same experiment twice. But it’s often a good idea to run a follow-up experiment that replicates the result of the first experiment and also extends it (e.g., by assessing its generality or ruling out an alternative explanation).

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